Engineered Cyber-Social-Physical Systems
Engineered Cyber-Social-Physical Systems will use engineering solutions to develop Engineered Resilient Cyber-Social-Physical Systems, needed to design, operate and evolve complex cyber-physical systems upon which people can confidently depend to perform both mundane and safety critical tasks, and that can better withstand, rapidly recover from, and adapt to local, regional, and global disruptions at multiple timescales.
The past few years have witnessed a revolution in data collection capabilities: The development of low cost, ultra low power sensors capable of harvesting energy from the environment has rendered ubiquitous sensing feasible. In addition, most of these sensors are now endowed with various degrees of intelligence and networking capabilities. When coupled with a parallel growth in actuation capabilities these developments open up the possibility of new applications that can profoundly impact society, ranging from smart healthcare to self-aware environments for security of critical infrastructure and long term sustainable use of scarce resources.
A salient aspect of this paradigm shift is the increasing symbiotic relationship between cyber-physical elements and human agents. While the first generation of cyber-physical systems dealt primarily with automated sensing and actuation, the interplay between hardware, human in the loop, social networks and regulatory frameworks will become the key aspect of the next generation of cyber–social–physical systems. It is worth emphasizing that these systems present new challenges that cannot be addressed by simply considering the “hardware” and “human” aspects of the system separately.