environmental chemistry; geochemistry; the carbon cycle; freshwater, coastal and ocean biogeochemistry; feedbacks between natural biogeochemical cycles and climate change; permafrost; black carbon; aquatic microplastics
(1) physics-informed AI for engineering applications; (2) physics-encoded deep learning for scarce data interpretation; (3) data-driven governing law discovery; (4) smart and resilient infrastructure; (5) advanced sensing, big data analytics, machine/deep learning, uncertainty quantification and inverse computational mechanics with applications to civil infrastructure monitoring and resilience assessment
multiphase thermal transport phenomena, acoustic wave bio and chemical sensors and actuators, thermal management of fibers and films, thermal energy storage materials and processing, microchannel cooling systems, nanoimprinting process and applications, MEMS/NEMS fabrication, microfluidics and bioMEMS; nanoscale magnetic assembly and applications
Magnetic, ferroelectric and magnetoelectric materials; RF/microwave magnetic and magnetoelectric devices design, fabrication and testing; materials properties at RF/microwave frequency; range self-assembly of magnetic nanostructures
Sensor Devices and Smart Sensor Systems realized through interdisciplinary field of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS); including the design, optimization, fabrication, testing, and networking of such transducers; fabrication of novel micro and nano-sensors and actuators by integrating non-traditional materials using silicon planar microfabrication techniques and exploring phenomenon at the micro-nano interfaces; development of sustainable sensing solutions for biomedical applications including investigation of robust magnetic technologies for interfacing to the brain
Elemagnetic wave propagation in anisotropic media, physics of magnetism, high tc superconductors and weak link devices, and ferrites and composites magnetic metal alloys and magnetic superlattices miniature microwave circuits.
Network-wide pavement and bridge deck inspections: sensor technology for infrastructure; saliva-based sensor technology for disease diagnosis and monitoring; structural health monitoring for bridges; subsurface fault detection using air-coupled GPR systems